Diabetic Eye Disease in Older Adults
Of course, eye conditions can affect anyone at any age. However, there are certain eye problems that affect mostly the elderly individuals. What’s more, older adults are more prone to almost all kinds of eye diseases. So, it’s important that you obtain info on Affordable Health Insurance 2020 with https://www.healthinsurance2020.org and practice preventive measures to keep these problems at bay rather than wait until you develop them and then start to minimize their impact.
One of the most common and serious age-related eye conditions you should always look out for as you age is diabetic eye disease, which is also known as diabetic retinopathy. This is a very dangerous eye condition and it is currently the leading cause of blindness among senior citizens. Diabetic retinopathy is also very common among middle aged individuals across the world. Just like the name suggests, Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition that is caused by diabetes. And older adults are more prone to diabetes. This makes Diabetic retinopathy a common problem among people who are 65 years and older.
Diabetes typically causes your blood vessels to swell and even become leaky. When this happens, the body senses that the blood vessels are not functioning properly, and the new blood vessels tend to form to aid the blood flow. The new blood vessels also form on the retina, and this is the source of the problem. It is not normal for new blood vessels to form on the retina. When this happens, the retina loses is ability to properly process light signals. This happens overtime if the condition remains unchecked.
Preventing diabetic eye disease
Since diabetes is the cause of Diabetic retinopathy, preventing diabetic eye disease is simply to avoid developing diabetes. There are so many ways to prevent diabetes. First, ensure that your body weight is normal. Being overweight puts pressure on your lungs and increases your heart rate and blood pressure. Overtime, this can lead to diabetes. Also watch your blood sugar level. Diabetes is simply caused by extremely high or extremely low sugar blood sugar levels. Eat balanced diet that contain a lot of fiber to slow down the absorption and digestion of starch and sugar.
Treating Diabetic retinopathy
If you already have diabetes, you should follow your doctor’s guidelines on how to manage your condition. If you have diabetes already, you should go for comprehensive dilated exam annually at your optometrist to help detect Diabetic retinopathy early enough before blindness occurs.